B.Sc. Renal Dialysis Technology

B.Sc. Renal Dialysis Technology

Dialysis is an artificial process of assisting the excretion of waste and unwanted water from the blood. Our kidneys do this naturally. Some people, however, may have failed or damaged kidneys which cannot carry out the function properly, hence needing dialysis. Dialysis may be used for patients who have become ill and have acute kidney failure, or for fairly stable patients who have permanently lost kidney function. In recent years, the technology and techniques involved in the process of dialysis have evolved, opening a range of new options for those who require frequent dialysis procedures. This is particularly beneficial today when the number of patients with chronic kidney diseases is also increasing fast.

Course Duration

Duration shall be for a period of three and half years including six months of Internship

Eligibility

A candidate seeking admission to the Bachelor of Science Degree Courses in the Allied Health Sciences course from Sl.No. 1 to 10 shall have studied English as one of the principal subject during the tenure of the course and for those seeking admission to the Bachelor of Science Degree Courses in the Allied Health Sciences courses from Sl.No. 1 to 8 mentioned above except for B.Sc. Imaging Technology and B.Sc. Radiotherapy Technology shall have passed:

  1. Two year Pre-University examination or equivalent as recognized by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences with, Physics, Chemistry and Biology as principle subjects of study. OR
  2. Pre-Degree course from a recognized University considered as equivalent by RGUHS, (Two years after ten years of schooling) with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as principal subjects of study. OR
  3. 3. Any equivalent examination recognized by the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore for the above purpose with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as principal subjects of study. OR
  4. The vocational higher secondary education course conducted by Vocational Higher Secondary Education, Government of Kerala with five subjects including Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English in addition to vocational subjects conducted is considered equivalent to plus TWO examinations of Government of Karnataka Pre University Course. OR
  5. Candidates with two years diploma from a recognized Government Board in a subject for which the candidate desires to enroll, in the respective Allied Health Sciences course mentioned in Sl. No. 1 to 10 shall have passed plus 12 [10+2] with Physics, Chemistry and Biology, as principal subjects or candidates with 3 years diploma from a recognized Government Board in a subject for which the candidate desires to enroll, in the respective Allied Health Sciences course mentioned in Sl. No. 1 to 10 should have studied Physics, Biology and Chemistry as principal subjects during the tenure of the course.
  6. Lateral entry to second year for allied health science courses for candidates who have passed diploma program from the Government Boards and recognized by RGUHS, fulfilling the conditions specified above under sl. No. 5 and these students are eligible to take admission on lateral entry system only in the same subject studied at diploma level from the academic year 2008-09 vide RGUHS Notification no. AUTH/AHS/317/2008-09 dated 01.08.2008.
  7. In case of admission to B.Sc. Imaging Technology or B.Sc. Radiotherapy Technology the candidate should have passed Pre-University or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics, as principal subjects of study.

Age

17 years and above ( Only those whose date of birth falls on or before 31.12.2002 are eligible)

Attendance Requirement

A minimum of 80% in both theory and practical (regular) class is essential to get eligibility for sessional as well as semester exam.

Internal Assessment Marks

There shall be a minimum of two periodical tests preferably one in each term in theory and practical of each subject in an academic year. The average marks of the two tests will be calculated and reduced to 20. The marks of IA shall be communicated to the University at least 15 days before the commencement of the University examination. The University shall have access to the records of such periodical tests.
The marks of the internal assessment must be displayed on the notice board of the respective colleges with in a fortnight from the date test is held.
If a candidate is absent for any one of the tests due to genuine and satisfactory reasons, such a candidate may be given a re-test within a fortnight.
* There shall be no University Practical Examination in First year.

Career Opportunities

  • Clinical Coordinator
  • Dialysis Technician
  • Dialysis Therapist
  • Lab Technician / Medical Technician
  • Nephrologist
  • Teacher / Lecturer

SYLLABUS

Year – 1

  • Anatomy
    • Introduction
    • Connective tissue
    • Cardiovascular System
    • Gastro-Intestinal System
    • Respiratory System
    • Urinary System
    • Reproductive System
    • Endocrine glands
    • Nervous System
    • Sensory Organs 
    • Embryology
  • Physiology
    • General Physiology
    • Blood
    • Nerve- Muscle
    • Respiratory System
    • CardioVascular System
    • Renal System, Skin & Body Temperature
    • Digestive System
    • Endocrine System
    • Reproductive System
    • Central Nervous System
    • Special Senses
  • Biochemistry
    • Carbohydrate Chemistry
    • Lipid Chemistry
    • Amino acid & Protein Chemistry
    • Nucleotide & Nucleic acid Chemistry
    • Enzymes
    • Digestion & Absorption
    • Carbohydrate Metabolism
    • Lipid Metabolism
    • Amino acid & Protein Metabolism
    • Vitamins
    • Mineral Metabolism
    • Nutrition
    • Renal Function Test
    • Radioactive Isotopes
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Fundamental Chemistry
    • Solutions
  • Pathology
    • Clinical Pathology
    • Hematology
    • Blood bank
    • General Pathology:
      • Cell injury
      • Inflammation
      • Hemodynamic disorders
      • Immune System
      • Neoplasia
  • Microbiology
    • Introduction
    • Growth & Nutrition
    • Sterilization & Disinfection
    • Biomedical Waste Management Principle & Practice
    • Immunology
    • Infection
    • Systemic Bacteriology
    • Parasitology
    • Virology
    • Mycology

 

Year – 2

  • Applied Anatomy & Physiology related to Dialysis Technology
    • Applied Anatomy:
      • Basic Anatomy of Urinary system
      • Blood supply of Kidney
      • Development of Kidney
      • Anatomy of Peritoneum
      • Anatomy of Vascular  system
      • Upperlimb Vessels
      • Neck Vessels
      • Femoral Vessels
    • Physiology:
      • Mechanism  of  Urine  formation
      • Physiological values
      • Physiology of  Renal Circulation
      • Factors contributing to & modifying  Renal circulation Autoregulation
      • Hormones produced by Kidney & Physiologic alterations in  Pregnancy
      • Haemostasis
      • Acid-Base balance
      • Basic Nutrition in Renal diseases
  • Pharmacology related to haemo & peritoneal dialysis

    • IV fluid therapy with special emphasis in renal diseases
    • Diuretics
    • Anti hypertensives 
    • Drugs & dialysis 
    • Dialyzable drugs 
    • Vitamin d & its analogues, phosphate binders, iron, folic acid & other vitamins of therapeutic value
    • Erythropoietin 
    • Heparin
    • Protamine sulphate
    • Formalin, sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide – role as disinfactants & adverse effects of residual particles applicable to formalin
    • Haemodialysisconcentrates
    • Peritoneal dialysis fluid in particular hypertonic solutions
    • Potassium exchange resins with special emphasis on mode of administration
  • Concepts of renal diseases clinical manifestations evaluation & management of the 

    Following diseases

    • Acute renal failure
    • Nephrotic syndrome – primary & secondary
    • Nephritic syndrome
    • UTI – Urinary Tract Infections
    • Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities
    • Chronic renal failure
    • Renal stone diseases
    • Obstructive uropathies
    • Congenital & inherited renal diseases
    • Tumours of kidney
    • Pregnancy-associated renal diseases
    • Renal vascular disorders & hypertension associated  renal disease
  • Applied aspects of Pathology & Microbiology
    • Pathology:
      • Congenital abnormalities of urinary system
      • Classification of renal diseases
      • Endstage renal diseases
      • Pathology of kidney in hypertension, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy
      • Pathology of peritoneum
      • Pathology of  UTI
      • Pyelonephritis & tuberculous pyelonephritis
    • Microbiology II:
      • Sterilization and Disinfection in Dialysis Unit
      • Hepatotraphic Viruses
      • Mode of transmission, clinical manifestations, laboratory diagnosis and prophylaxis
      • HIV
      • Universal precaution and biomedical waste management.
      • Opportunistic infections
      • UTI
      • Sampling  methodologies for culture and sensitivity 
  • Bsc. Renal dialysis technology basics of dialysis technology 
    • Dialysis team
    • Basic chemistry, body fluids and electrolytes
    • History of HD
    • Indications of dialysis
    • Types of hemodialysis
    • Principles of HD
    • Initiation of Dialysis Therapy
    • Water treatment unit [WTU]
    • HD equipment
    • Types of dialyzer
    • Dialyzer membrane
    • Composition of dialysate
    • Cannulation of vascular access in HD
    • Vascular access and its types and complication
    • Vascular access recirculation
    • Hemodialysis adequacy
    • Anti-coagulation
    • Methods and complications of dialyzer re-use
    • Infection control and universal precaution
    • The psychological aspect of dialysis patients
    • Drugs and dialysis
    • Anaemia and erythropoietin use

 

 

Year – 3

  • Applied dialysis technology Paper I
    • Patient assessment
    • Acute complication
    • MARS
    • Plasmapheresis
    • Hemoperfusion
    • Nutrition in dialysis
    • Paediatric dialysis
    • Slow continuous therapies
    • High flux and high efficiency dialysis
    • Machine monitoring in dialysis
    • Lab data analysis
    • Quality assurance in HD
    • Dialysis Amyloidisis
    • Ascites in dialysis patients
    • Pregnancy in dialysis patients
    • Bone disease
    • Aluminum toxicity
    • Sleep disorder
    • GI disturbances in dialysis
    • Care of HIV, HBV & HCV patients
  • Applied dialysis technology Paper II
    • History of peritoneal dialysis
    • Physiology of PD
    • Indication and contraindication of chronic PD
    • PD apparatus
    • Access for CAPD
    • Catheter and exit-site care
    • PD process
    • Assessment of peritoneal membrane permeability
    • Adequacy of PD
    • PD therapies
    • Non-infectious complications
    • Infectious complications
    • Patient education
    • Types of renal donor and cadaver donor maintenance
    • Recipient and donor workup
    • Post-transplant management and follow up
    • Immunosuppression therapy
    • Urosurgical procedures
    • Principels of ICU care

 

 

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