What is anesthesia?

Anesthesia is a medical treatment that prevents patients from feeling pain during surgery. It allows people to have procedures that lead to healthier and longer lives.

To produce anesthesia, doctors use drugs called anaesthetics. Scientists have developed a collection of anaesthetic drugs with different effects. These drugs include general, regional, and local anaesthetics. General anaesthetics put patients to sleep during the procedure. Local and regional anaesthetics just numb part of the body and allow patients to remain awake during the procedure.

Depending on the type of pain relief needed, doctors deliver anaesthetics by injection, inhalation, topical lotion, spray, eye drops, or skin patch.

What are the types of Anesthesia?

General anesthesia

Used for major operations, like knee replacement or open heart surgey and causes loss of consciousness.

Regional anesthesia

Used during childbirth and surgeries of the arm, leg or abdomen. It numbs a large part of the body, but there is no loss of consciousness.

Local anesthesia

Used in procedures like a removal of a tooth, getting stitches to a localised area. It numbs a small portion of the area, but there is no loss of consciousness.

How does anesthesia work?

Until recently, we knew very little about how anaesthetics work. Scientists are now able to study how the drugs affect specific molecules within cells. Most researchers agree that the drugs target proteins in the membranes around nerve cells. Because inhaled anaesthetics have different effects than intravenous ones, scientists suspect that the two different types of drugs target different sets of proteins.

What do anesthesiologists do?

Anesthesiologists are doctors who carefully monitor patients throughout surgery and during recovery. They use highly advanced electronic devices that constantly display patients’ blood pressure, blood oxygen levels, heart function, and breathing patterns. These devices have dramatically improved the safety of general anesthesia. They also make it possible to operate on many patients who used to be considered too sick to have surgery.

Anesthesiologists also provide pain relief for less invasive procedures, such as those used to examine blood vessels and internal organs (endoscopy) and during labor and delivery.

As experts in pain management, anesthesiologists may advise patients and their doctors on how to manage pain.

Who is an anaesthetic technician?

An Anaesthetic technician is an allied healthcare worker who assists in the administration and monitoring of anaesthesia and has an extensive knowledge of anaesthesia techniques, instruments and technology.

What course should I pursue to become a Anaesthetic technician?

BSc. Anaesthesia Technology is an undergraduate program offered by MVM College of Allied Health Sciences.

Eligibility Criteria to pursue Anaesthesia Technology:

An aggregate of 50% in PCMB in 10+2 Examinations


Pre-Degree course from a recognised University considered as equivalent by RGUHS, (Two years after ten years of schooling) with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects of study.


Any equivalent examination recognised by the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore for the above purpose with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects of study.


Candidates with two years diploma from a recognised Government Board in Anaesthesia Technology shall have passed class 12 [10+2] with Physics, Chemistry and Biology, as subjects or candidates with 3 years diploma from a recognised Government Board in Anaesthesia Technology should have studied Physics, Biology and Chemistry as subjects during the tenure of the course.


Lateral entry to second year of B.Sc.Anaesthesia Technology for candidates who have passed diploma program from the Government Boards and recognised by RGUHS.

Course Duration:

The duration of the course shall be three and a half years including six months of internship.

Job Opportunities:

Upon the successful completion of the course one can find jobs both in India and Abroad as;

Anaesthesia/ OT Technologist in Hospitals in India and Abroad.

Operation Theatre Managers.

Application Specialists in MNCs

Lecturer/ Academicians in Universities in India and Abroad.


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